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home products Rapeseed

Rapeseed

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Keywords Oil Seeds, Rapeseed, , SAI PETROCHEMICALS P. LTD, India
Category Agriculture > Plant Seeds & Bulbs >Oil Seeds
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Detailed Product Description


Rapeseed is a major crop in India(Mustard), grown on 13% of cropped land. Rapeseed oil is an Edible Oilin India. Exports of all Edible Oils (including Rapeseed Oil) fromIndia are banned. It is the most favored vegetable oil, in Europe forthe manufacture of Biodiesel and is in great demand there. Rapeseed wasthe third leading source of vegetable oil in the world in 2000, aftersoy and palm. Rapeseed is the world's second leading source of proteinmeal. (It is only one-fifth of the production of the soy meal.) InEurope, rapeseed is primarily cultivated for animal feed (due to itsvery high lipidic and medium proteinic content), and for the productionof vegetable oil for biodiesel.
Natural rapeseed oil contains erucic acid, which is mildly toxic tohumans in large doses but is used as a food additive in smaller doses.Canola is a specific variety of rapeseed bred to have a low erucic acidcontent. Canola was developed in Canada and its name is a combinationof "Canada" and "Oil" (Canadian oil low acid, more precisely). The namewas also chosen partly for obvious marketing reasons. The rapeseed isthe valuable, harvested component of the crop. The crop is also grownas a winter-cover crop. It provides good coverage of the soil inwinter, and limits nitrogen run-off. The plant is ploughed back in thesoil or used as bedding. Processing of rape seed for oil productionprovides a rapeseed animal meal as a by-product. The by-product is ahigh-protein animal feed.
Rapeseed has been linked with adverse effects in asthma and hay feversufferers. Some suggest that oilseed pollen is the cause of increasedbreathing difficulties. This is unlikely however, as rapeseed is anentomophilous crop, with pollen transfer primarily by insects. Otherssuggest that it is the inhalation of oilseed rape dust that causesthis, and that allergies to the pollen are relatively rare. There mayalso be a another effect at work - since rapeseed in flower has adistinctive and pungent smell, hayfever sufferers may wrongly jump tothe conclusion that it's the rapeseed that's to blame simply becausethey can smell it. There is also some recent evidence that theextensive use of this and similar vegetable oils in food is leading toa significant increase in cases of macular degeneration of the eye.Some varieties of rapeseed are sold as greens in asian groceries.Rapeseed (or canola) is a heavy nectar producer, and honeybees producea light colored, but peppery honey from it. It must be extractedimmediately after processing is finished, as it will quickly granulatein the honeycomb and will be impossible to extract. The honey isusually blended with milder honeys, if used for table use, or sold asbakery grade. Seed producers contract with beekeepers for thepollination of the seed.


Rapeseed (also known as Rape, Oilseed Rape, Rapa, Rapaseed and for somecultivars Canola) known scientifically as Brassica napus, is a brightyellow flowering member of the brassicaceae (also known as the mustardfamily). The name is derived through Old English from a term forturnip, rapum. Some botanists include the closely related Brassicacampestris within B. napus. Rapeseed is the third most important sourceof vegetable oil in the world, after soybean and palm oil. During thepast twenty years, it has passed peanut, cottonseed, and most recently,sunflower, in worldwide production. This is almost entirely due to theplant breeding work which greatly reduced the levels of twoanti-nutritional compounds, erucic acid in the oil and glucosinolatesin the meal, creating a new, high-value oil and protein crop.
Double low rapeseed, as defined by European Community standards, has less than 35 µmol of total glucosinolates tel quel.The term "industrial rapeseed" does not have any regulatory basis butrefers to any rapeseed with a high content of erucic acid in the oil.For most purposes, the limit is 45%, although higher contents areconsidered desirable. The term "single low" refers to highglucosinolate rapeseed with low erucic oil. High erucic cultivars withlow glucosinolate content also exist.


Rapeseed

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